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5406_en_Jones_T01 (Jones, Daniel)

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Chapter I Introductory

The Nature of Speech

Difficulties of Pronunciation

How to surmount the Difficulties of Pronunciation

Need for Oral Instruction

Utility of Books on Pronunciation

Chapter II Types of Pronunciation

Chapter III The Organs of Speech

Chapter IV Experimental Methods

Chapter V Breath and Voice

Chapter VI Vowels and Consonants

Chapter VII Vowels

How to learn Vowels

How to describe Vowels

Chapter VIII The Classification of Vowels

The Nature of Vowels

Description of the Cardinal Vowels

Secondary cardinal vowels

Details of Vowel Classification

Tongue Positions

Lip Positions

Tenseness and Laxness

Nasalized Vowels

Chapter IX Consonants

Cardinal consonants

Breathed and Voiced Consonants

Further Classification of Consonants

Chapter X Phonemes, Principles of Transcription

Phonemes

Principles of Transcription

The Phonetic Representation of Vowels

The phonetic representation of consonants

Chapter XI Diaphones

Chapter XII Prominence, Syllables, Diphthongs

Chapter XIII Ear-Training for the English Vowels and Diphthongs

Chapter XIV The English Vowels

The English Vowels in Detail

English Vowel No. 1:

English Vowel No. 2: i

English vowel No. 3: e

English vowel No. 4: æ

English vowel No. 5: ɑː

English vowel No. 6: ɔ

English vowel No. 7: ɔː

English vowel No. 8: u

English vowel No. 9:

English Vowel No. 10: ʌ

English vowel No. 11: əː

English vowel No. 12: ə

Chapter XV The English Diphthongs

General Remarks

The English Diphthongs in detail

English Diphthong No. 13: ei

English Diphthong No. 14: ou

English Diphthong No. 15: ai

English Diphthong No. 16: au

English Diphthong No. 17: ɔi

English Diphthong No. 18:

English Diphthong No. 19: ɛə

English Diphthong No. 20: ɔə

English Diphthong No. 21:

English Diphthong No. 22: ĭə

English Diphthong No. 23: ŭə

English Diphthong No. 24: ŭi

Other Diphthongs

Chapter XVI Strong and Weak Forms

Chapter XVII The English Plosive Consonants

Detailed Descriptions

p

b

t

d

k

g

ʔ

Theory of Plosive Consonants

Voiceless plosives

Ejective sounds

Voiced plosives

Incomplete plosive consonants

Nasal plosion

Lateral plosion

Chapter XVIII The English Affricate Consonants

ʧ

ʤ

ts

ʣ

tr

dr

Chapter XIX The English Nasal Consonants

m

n

ŋ

Chapter XX The English Lateral Consonants

Chapter XXI The English Fricative Consonants

Detailed Descriptions

f

v

ɵ

ð

s

z

ʃ

ʒ

r

h

Initial and Final Voiced Fricatives

Chapter XXII Frictionless Continuants

Chapter XXIII Semi-Vowels

w

j

Chapter XXIV Nasalization

Chapter XXV Retroflex Sounds

Chapter XXVI Similitude. Assimilation

Similitude

Assimilation

Types of Similitude

Examples of Similitude

Types of Assimilation

Examples of Historical Assimilation

Examples of Contextual Assimilation

Progressive and Regressive Assimilation

Difficulties of Foreign Learners

Chapter XXVII Elision

Chapter XXVIII Length, Rhythm

Length of English Vowels

Length of Consonants

Relation between Rhythm and Length

Mistakes in Length made by Foreign Learners

Chapter XXIX Stress

The Nature of Stress

Stress in English

A. Word-stress (simple words)

Rhythmical Variations

Emphasis

Special Difficulties of Foreign Learners

B. Word-stress (Compound Words)

Difficulties of Foreign Learners

C. Sentence-stress

1. General Principle

2. Exceptions to General Rule

3. Miscellaneous Rules

Chapter XXX Breath-Groups, Sense-Groups

Chapter XXXI Intonation

The Nature of Intonation

Tune 1 (normal form)

Tune 2 (normal form)

Variations in the Treatment of Unstressed Syllables

Long Sentences with Tune 1

Use of tune 1 (normal form)

Use of tune 2 (normal form)

Tune 1 in non-final Groups

Emphasis

Emphasis for contrast

Emphasis for Intensity

Special Intonations

Parentheses

Interjections

Incorrect Forms of Intonation heard from Foreign Learners

Methods of Recording Intonation

Chapter XXXII Syllable Separation